Dec 07, 2020 · ANSWER Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that lie just below your rib cage, on each side of your spine. They remove waste and fluid from your body, level out your blood pressure, and keep...
Dec 19, 2020 · The kidney contains about 4 million functional units called nephrons, which filter the blood. Each nephron consists of the renal corpuscle, the proximal convoluted tubule, the loop of Henle and the distal convoluted tubule. As blood flows through the capillaries in the renal corpuscle, about 20 percent of the plasma water is secreted into Bowman's capsule.
Feb 19, 2017 · IMPORTANT All nephron originate in the cortex. Glomeruli of cortical nephron lie in the outer layer of cortex and glomeruli of Juxta medullary nephron lie in the inner layer of the cortex near the medulla The kidney cannot regenerate new nephrons. Aging causes a gradual decrease in nephron number. 13 14.
Dec 06, 2020 · The renal pelvis refers to the funneling area of the kidney responsible for urine collection. It is the portion of the kidney where either two or three major calyces join. Major calyces are structures that are part of an extensive drainage system within each kidn
Jan 20, 2011 · The role of gastric acid in digestion was established in the 1820s and 1830s by William Beaumont on Alexis St. Martin, who, as a result of an accident, had a fistula (hole) in his stomach, which allowed Beaumont to observe the process of digestion and to extract gastric acid, verifying that acid played a crucial role in digestion.
Nov 17, 2018 · The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney. It does the job of the urinary system. The primary function of the nephron is to remove waste products from the body before they build up to toxic levels. The nephron does its job of getting rid of metabolic wastes through filtration and secretion.
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